SQRTPS—Square Root of Single-Precision Floating-Point Values

Opcode/Instruction Op /En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
NP 0F 51 /r SQRTPS xmm1, xmm2/m128 A V/V SSE Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in xmm2/m128 and stores the result in xmm1.
VEX.128.0F.WIG 51 /r VSQRTPS xmm1, xmm2/m128 A V/V AVX Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in xmm2/m128 and stores the result in xmm1.
VEX.256.0F.WIG 51/r VSQRTPS ymm1, ymm2/m256 A V/V AVX Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in ymm2/m256 and stores the result in ymm1.
EVEX.128.0F.W0 51 /r VSQRTPS xmm1 {k1}{z}, xmm2/m128/m32bcst B V/V AVX512VL AVX512F Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in xmm2/m128/m32bcst and stores the result in xmm1 subject to writemask k1.
EVEX.256.0F.W0 51 /r VSQRTPS ymm1 {k1}{z}, ymm2/m256/m32bcst B V/V AVX512VL AVX512F Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in ymm2/m256/m32bcst and stores the result in ymm1 subject to writemask k1.
EVEX.512.0F.W0 51/r VSQRTPS zmm1 {k1}{z}, zmm2/m512/m32bcst{er} B V/V AVX512F Computes Square Roots of the packed single-precision floating-point values in zmm2/m512/m32bcst and stores the result in zmm1 subject to writemask k1.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A NA ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA
B Full ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA

Description

Performs a SIMD computation of the square roots of the four, eight or sixteen packed single-precision floating-point values in the source operand (second operand) stores the packed single-precision floating-point results in the destination operand.

EVEX.512 encoded versions: The source operand is a ZMM/YMM/XMM register, a 512/256/128-bit memory location or a 512/256/128-bit vector broadcasted from a 32-bit memory location. The destination operand is a ZMM/YMM/XMM register updated according to the writemask.

VEX.256 encoded version: The source operand is a YMM register or a 256-bit memory location. The destination operand is a YMM register. The upper bits (MAXVL-1:256) of the corresponding ZMM register destination are zeroed.

VEX.128 encoded version: the source operand second source operand or a 128-bit memory location. The destina-tion operand is an XMM register. The upper bits (MAXVL-1:128) of the corresponding ZMM register destination are zeroed.

128-bit Legacy SSE version: The second source can be an XMM register or 128-bit memory location. The destina-tion is not distinct from the first source XMM register and the upper bits (MAXVL-1:128) of the corresponding ZMM register destination are unmodified.

Note: VEX.vvvv and EVEX.vvvv are reserved and must be 1111b otherwise instructions will #UD.

Operation

VSQRTPS (EVEX encoded versions)

(KL, VL) = (4, 128), (8, 256), (16, 512)

IF (VL = 512) AND (EVEX.b = 1) AND (SRC *is register*)

THEN

SET_ROUNDING_MODE_FOR_THIS_INSTRUCTION(EVEX.RC);

ELSE

SET_ROUNDING_MODE_FOR_THIS_INSTRUCTION(MXCSR.RC);

FI;

FOR j := 0 TO KL-1

i := j * 32

IF k1[j] OR *no writemask* THEN

IF (EVEX.b = 1) AND (SRC *is memory*)

THEN DEST[i+31:i] := SQRT(SRC[31:0])

ELSE DEST[i+31:i] := SQRT(SRC[i+31:i])

FI;

ELSE

IF *merging-masking*

; merging-masking

THEN *DEST[i+31:i] remains unchanged*

ELSE

; zeroing-masking

DEST[i+31:i] := 0

FI

FI;

ENDFOR

DEST[MAXVL-1:VL] := 0

VSQRTPS (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[31:0] := SQRT(SRC[31:0])

DEST[63:32] := SQRT(SRC[63:32])

DEST[95:64] := SQRT(SRC[95:64])

DEST[127:96] := SQRT(SRC[127:96])

DEST[159:128] := SQRT(SRC[159:128])

DEST[191:160] := SQRT(SRC[191:160])

DEST[223:192] := SQRT(SRC[223:192])

DEST[255:224] := SQRT(SRC[255:224])

VSQRTPS (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[31:0] := SQRT(SRC[31:0])

DEST[63:32] := SQRT(SRC[63:32])

DEST[95:64] := SQRT(SRC[95:64])

DEST[127:96] := SQRT(SRC[127:96])

DEST[MAXVL-1:128] := 0

SQRTPS (128-bit Legacy SSE version)

DEST[31:0] := SQRT(SRC[31:0])

DEST[63:32] := SQRT(SRC[63:32])

DEST[95:64] := SQRT(SRC[95:64])

DEST[127:96] := SQRT(SRC[127:96])

DEST[MAXVL-1:128] (Unmodified)

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

VSQRTPS __m512 _mm512_sqrt_round_ps(__m512 a, int r);

VSQRTPS __m512 _mm512_mask_sqrt_round_ps(__m512 s, __mmask16 k, __m512 a, int r);

VSQRTPS __m512 _mm512_maskz_sqrt_round_ps( __mmask16 k, __m512 a, int r);

VSQRTPS __m256 _mm256_sqrt_ps (__m256 a);

VSQRTPS __m256 _mm256_mask_sqrt_ps(__m256 s, __mmask8 k, __m256 a, int r);

VSQRTPS __m256 _mm256_maskz_sqrt_ps( __mmask8 k, __m256 a, int r);

SQRTPS __m128 _mm_sqrt_ps (__m128 a);

VSQRTPS __m128 _mm_mask_sqrt_ps(__m128 s, __mmask8 k, __m128 a, int r);

VSQRTPS __m128 _mm_maskz_sqrt_ps( __mmask8 k, __m128 a, int r);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid, Precision, Denormal

Other Exceptions

Non-EVEX-encoded instruction, see Table 2-19, “Type 2 Class Exception Conditions”; additionally:

#UD

If VEX.vvvv != 1111B.

EVEX-encoded instruction, see Table 2-46, “Type E2 Class Exception Conditions”; additionally:

#UD If EVEX.vvvv != 1111B.