PHSUBW/PHSUBD — Packed Horizontal Subtract

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description

NP 0F 38 05 /r1

PHSUBW mm1, mm2/m64

RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to mm1.

66 0F 38 05 /r

PHSUBW xmm1, xmm2/m128

RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to xmm1.

NP 0F 38 06 /r

PHSUBD mm1, mm2/m64

RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to mm1.

66 0F 38 06 /r

PHSUBD xmm1, xmm2/m128

RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to xmm1.

VEX.128.66.0F38.WIG 05 /r

VPHSUBW xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128

RVM V/V AVX Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to xmm1.

VEX.128.66.0F38.WIG 06 /r

VPHSUBD xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128

RVM V/V AVX Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to xmm1.

VEX.256.66.0F38.WIG 05 /r

VPHSUBW ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256

RVM V/V AVX2 Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to ymm1.

VEX.256.66.0F38.WIG 06 /r

VPHSUBD ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256

RVM V/V AVX2 Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to ymm1.

NOTES:

1. See note in Section 2.4, “AVX and SSE Instruction Exception Specification” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 2A and Section 21.25.3, “Exception Conditions of Legacy SIMD Instructions Operating on MMX Registers” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 3A.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA
RVM ModRM:reg (r, w) VEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) NA

Description

(V)PHSUBW performs horizontal subtraction on each adjacent pair of 16-bit signed integers by subtracting the most significant word from the least significant word of each pair in the source and destination operands, and packs the signed 16-bit results to the destination operand (first operand). (V)PHSUBD performs horizontal subtraction on each adjacent pair of 32-bit signed integers by subtracting the most significant doubleword from the least signifi-cant doubleword of each pair, and packs the signed 32-bit result to the destination operand. When the source operand is a 128-bit memory operand, the operand must be aligned on a 16-byte boundary or a general-protection exception (#GP) will be generated.

Legacy SSE version: Both operands can be MMX registers. The second source operand can be an MMX register or a 64-bit memory location.

128-bit Legacy SSE version: The first source and destination operands are XMM registers. The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. Bits (MAXVL-1:128) of the corresponding YMM destina-tion register remain unchanged.

In 64-bit mode, use the REX prefix to access additional registers.

VEX.128 encoded version: The first source and destination operands are XMM registers. The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. Bits (MAXVL-1:128) of the destination YMM register are zeroed.

VEX.256 encoded version: The first source and destination operands are YMM registers. The second source operand can be an YMM register or a 256-bit memory location.

Operation

PHSUBW (with 64-bit operands)

    mm1[15-0] = mm1[15-0] - mm1[31-16];
    mm1[31-16] = mm1[47-32] - mm1[63-48];
    mm1[47-32] = mm2/m64[15-0] - mm2/m64[31-16];
    mm1[63-48] = mm2/m64[47-32] - mm2/m64[63-48];

PHSUBW (with 128-bit operands)

    xmm1[15-0] = xmm1[15-0] - xmm1[31-16];
    xmm1[31-16] = xmm1[47-32] - xmm1[63-48];
    xmm1[47-32] = xmm1[79-64] - xmm1[95-80];
    xmm1[63-48] = xmm1[111-96] - xmm1[127-112];
    xmm1[79-64] = xmm2/m128[15-0] - xmm2/m128[31-16];
    xmm1[95-80] = xmm2/m128[47-32] - xmm2/m128[63-48];
    xmm1[111-96] = xmm2/m128[79-64] - xmm2/m128[95-80];
    xmm1[127-112] = xmm2/m128[111-96] - xmm2/m128[127-112];

VPHSUBW (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[15:0] := SRC1[15:0] - SRC1[31:16]
DEST[31:16] := SRC1[47:32] - SRC1[63:48]
DEST[47:32] := SRC1[79:64] - SRC1[95:80]
DEST[63:48] := SRC1[111:96] - SRC1[127:112]
DEST[79:64] := SRC2[15:0] - SRC2[31:16]
DEST[95:80] := SRC2[47:32] - SRC2[63:48]
DEST[111:96] := SRC2[79:64] - SRC2[95:80]
DEST[127:112] := SRC2[111:96] - SRC2[127:112]
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] := 0

VPHSUBW (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[15:0] := SRC1[15:0] - SRC1[31:16]
DEST[31:16] := SRC1[47:32] - SRC1[63:48]
DEST[47:32] := SRC1[79:64] - SRC1[95:80]
DEST[63:48] := SRC1[111:96] - SRC1[127:112]
DEST[79:64] := SRC2[15:0] - SRC2[31:16]
DEST[95:80] := SRC2[47:32] - SRC2[63:48]
DEST[111:96] := SRC2[79:64] - SRC2[95:80]
DEST[127:112] := SRC2[111:96] - SRC2[127:112]
DEST[143:128] := SRC1[143:128] - SRC1[159:144]
DEST[159:144] := SRC1[175:160] - SRC1[191:176]
DEST[175:160] := SRC1[207:192] - SRC1[223:208]
DEST[191:176] := SRC1[239:224] - SRC1[255:240]
DEST[207:192] := SRC2[143:128] - SRC2[159:144]
DEST[223:208] := SRC2[175:160] - SRC2[191:176]
DEST[239:224] := SRC2[207:192] - SRC2[223:208]
DEST[255:240] := SRC2[239:224] - SRC2[255:240]

PHSUBD (with 64-bit operands)

    mm1[31-0] = mm1[31-0] - mm1[63-32];
    mm1[63-32] = mm2/m64[31-0] - mm2/m64[63-32];

PHSUBD (with 128-bit operands)

    xmm1[31-0] = xmm1[31-0] - xmm1[63-32];
    xmm1[63-32] = xmm1[95-64] - xmm1[127-96];
    xmm1[95-64] = xmm2/m128[31-0] - xmm2/m128[63-32];
    xmm1[127-96] = xmm2/m128[95-64] - xmm2/m128[127-96];

VPHSUBD (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[31-0] := SRC1[31-0] - SRC1[63-32]
DEST[63-32] := SRC1[95-64] - SRC1[127-96]
DEST[95-64] := SRC2[31-0] - SRC2[63-32]
DEST[127-96] := SRC2[95-64] - SRC2[127-96]
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] := 0

VPHSUBD (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[31:0] := SRC1[31:0] - SRC1[63:32]
DEST[63:32] := SRC1[95:64] - SRC1[127:96]
DEST[95:64] := SRC2[31:0] - SRC2[63:32]
DEST[127:96] := SRC2[95:64] - SRC2[127:96]
DEST[159:128] := SRC1[159:128] - SRC1[191:160]
DEST[191:160] := SRC1[223:192] - SRC1[255:224]
DEST[223:192] := SRC2[159:128] - SRC2[191:160]
DEST[255:224] := SRC2[223:192] - SRC2[255:224]

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalents

PHSUBW:

__m64 _mm_hsub_pi16 (__m64 a, __m64 b)

PHSUBD:

__m64 _mm_hsub_pi32 (__m64 a, __m64 b)

(V)PHSUBW:

__m128i _mm_hsub_epi16 (__m128i a, __m128i b)

(V)PHSUBD:

__m128i _mm_hsub_epi32 (__m128i a, __m128i b)

VPHSUBW:

__m256i _mm256_hsub_epi16 (__m256i a, __m256i b)

VPHSUBD:

__m256i _mm256_hsub_epi32 (__m256i a, __m256i b)

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

See Table 2-21, “Type 4 Class Exception Conditions”; additionally:

#UD If VEX.L = 1.