PEXTRB/PEXTRD/PEXTRQ — Extract Byte/Dword/Qword

Opcode/Instruction Op/ En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
66 0F 3A 14 /r ib PEXTRB reg/m8, xmm2, imm8 A V/V SSE4_1 Extract a byte integer value from xmm2 at the source byte offset specified by imm8 into reg or m8. The upper bits of r32 or r64 are zeroed.
66 0F 3A 16 /r ib PEXTRD r/m32, xmm2, imm8 A V/V SSE4_1 Extract a dword integer value from xmm2 at the source dword offset specified by imm8 into r/m32.
66 REX.W 0F 3A 16 /r ib PEXTRQ r/m64, xmm2, imm8 A V/N.E. SSE4_1 Extract a qword integer value from xmm2 at the source qword offset specified by imm8 into r/m64.
VEX.128.66.0F3A.W0 14 /r ib VPEXTRB reg/m8, xmm2, imm8 A V1/V AVX Extract a byte integer value from xmm2 at the source byte offset specified by imm8 into reg or m8. The upper bits of r64/r32 is filled with zeros.
VEX.128.66.0F3A.W0 16 /r ib VPEXTRD r32/m32, xmm2, imm8 A V/V AVX Extract a dword integer value from xmm2 at the source dword offset specified by imm8 into r32/m32.
VEX.128.66.0F3A.W1 16 /r ib VPEXTRQ r64/m64, xmm2, imm8 A V/I2 AVX Extract a qword integer value from xmm2 at the source dword offset specified by imm8 into r64/m64.
EVEX.128.66.0F3A.WIG 14 /r ib VPEXTRB reg/m8, xmm2, imm8 B V/V AVX512BW Extract a byte integer value from xmm2 at the source byte offset specified by imm8 into reg or m8. The upper bits of r64/r32 is filled with zeros.
EVEX.128.66.0F3A.W0 16 /r ib VPEXTRD r32/m32, xmm2, imm8 B V/V AVX512DQ Extract a dword integer value from xmm2 at the source dword offset specified by imm8 into r32/m32.
EVEX.128.66.0F3A.W1 16 /r ib VPEXTRQ r64/m64, xmm2, imm8 B V/N.E.2 AVX512DQ Extract a qword integer value from xmm2 at the source dword offset specified by imm8 into r64/m64.

NOTES:

1. In 64-bit mode, VEX.W1 is ignored for VPEXTRB (similar to legacy REX.W=1 prefix in PEXTRB).

2. VEX.W/EVEX.W in non-64 bit is ignored; the instructions behaves as if the W0 version is used.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A NA ModRM:r/m (w) ModRM:reg (r) imm8 NA
B Tuple1 Scalar ModRM:r/m (w) ModRM:reg (r) imm8 NA

Description

Extract a byte/dword/qword integer value from the source XMM register at a byte/dword/qword offset determined from imm8[3:0]. The destination can be a register or byte/dword/qword memory location. If the destination is a register, the upper bits of the register are zero extended.

In legacy non-VEX encoded version and if the destination operand is a register, the default operand size in 64-bit mode for PEXTRB/PEXTRD is 64 bits, the bits above the least significant byte/dword data are filled with zeros. PEXTRQ is not encodable in non-64-bit modes and requires REX.W in 64-bit mode.

Note: In VEX.128 encoded versions, VEX.vvvv is reserved and must be 1111b, VEX.L must be 0, otherwise the instruction will #UD. In EVEX.128 encoded versions, EVEX.vvvv is reserved and must be 1111b, EVEX.L”L must be

0, otherwise the instruction will #UD. If the destination operand is a register, the default operand size in 64-bit mode for VPEXTRB/VPEXTRD is 64 bits, the bits above the least significant byte/word/dword data are filled with zeros.

Operation

CASE of
    PEXTRB: SEL := COUNT[3:0];
              TEMP := (Src >> SEL*8) AND FFH;
              IF (DEST = Mem8)
                    THEN
                    Mem8 := TEMP[7:0];
              ELSE IF (64-Bit Mode and 64-bit register selected)
                    THEN
                         R64[7:0] := TEMP[7:0]; r64[63:8] := ZERO_FILL; };
              ELSE
                         R32[7:0] := TEMP[7:0]; r32[31:8] := ZERO_FILL; };
              FI;
    PEXTRD:SEL := COUNT[1:0];
              TEMP := (Src >> SEL*32) AND FFFF_FFFFH;
              DEST := TEMP;
    PEXTRQ: SEL := COUNT[0];
              TEMP := (Src >> SEL*64);
              DEST := TEMP;
EASC:

VPEXTRTD/VPEXTRQ

IF (64-Bit Mode and 64-bit dest operand)
THEN
    Src_Offset := Imm8[0]
    r64/m64 := (Src >> Src_Offset * 64)
ELSE
    Src_Offset := Imm8[1:0]
    r32/m32 := ((Src >> Src_Offset *32) AND 0FFFFFFFFh);
FI

VPEXTRB ( dest=m8)

SRC_Offset := Imm8[3:0]
Mem8 := (Src >> Src_Offset*8)

VPEXTRB ( dest=reg)

IF (64-Bit Mode )
THEN
    SRC_Offset := Imm8[3:0]
    DEST[7:0] := ((Src >> Src_Offset*8) AND 0FFh)
    DEST[63:8] := ZERO_FILL;
ELSE
    SRC_Offset := Imm8[3:0];
    DEST[7:0] := ((Src >> Src_Offset*8) AND 0FFh);
    DEST[31:8] := ZERO_FILL;
FI

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

PEXTRB:

int _mm_extract_epi8 (__m128i src, const int ndx);

PEXTRD:

int _mm_extract_epi32 (__m128i src, const int ndx);

PEXTRQ:

__int64 _mm_extract_epi64 (__m128i src, const int ndx);

Flags Affected

None.

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

Non-EVEX-encoded instruction, see Table 2-22, “Type 5 Class Exception Conditions”.

EVEX-encoded instruction, see Table 2-57, “Type E9NF Class Exception Conditions”.

Additionally:

#UD

If VEX.L = 1 or EVEX.L’L > 0.

If VEX.vvvv != 1111B or EVEX.vvvv != 1111B.