PCLMULQDQ—Carry-Less Multiplication Quadword

Opcode/

Op/

64/32 bit

CPUID

Description

Instruction

En

Mode

Feature Flag

Support

66 0F 3A 44 /r ib

A

V/V

PCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

PCLMULQDQ xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8

xmm1 by one quadword of xmm2/m128, stores the 128-bit result in xmm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of xmm1 and xmm2/m128 should be used.

VEX.128.66.0F3A.WIG 44 /r ib

B

V/V

PCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

VPCLMULQDQ xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128, imm8

AVX

xmm2 by one quadword of xmm3/m128, stores the 128-bit result in xmm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of xmm2 and xmm3/m128 should be used.

VEX.256.66.0F3A.WIG 44 /r /ib

B

V/V

VPCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

VPCLMULQDQ ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256, imm8

ymm2 by one quadword of ymm3/m256, stores the 128-bit result in ymm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of ymm2 and ymm3/m256 should be used.

EVEX.128.66.0F3A.WIG 44 /r /ib

C

V/V

VPCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

VPCLMULQDQ xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128, imm8

AVX512VL

xmm2 by one quadword of xmm3/m128, stores the 128-bit result in xmm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of xmm2 and xmm3/m128 should be used.

EVEX.256.66.0F3A.WIG 44 /r /ib

C

V/V

VPCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

VPCLMULQDQ ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256, imm8

AVX512VL

ymm2 by one quadword of ymm3/m256, stores the 128-bit result in ymm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of ymm2 and ymm3/m256 should be used.

EVEX.512.66.0F3A.WIG 44 /r /ib

C

V/V

VPCLMULQDQ

Carry-less multiplication of one quadword of

VPCLMULQDQ zmm1, zmm2, zmm3/m512, imm8

AVX512F

zmm2 by one quadword of zmm3/m512, stores the 128-bit result in zmm1. The imme-diate is used to determine which quadwords of zmm2 and zmm3/m512 should be used.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En

Tuple

Operand 1

Operand2

Operand3

Operand4

A

NA

ModRM:reg (r, w)

ModRM:r/m (r)

imm8

NA

B

NA

ModRM:reg (w)

VEX.vvvv (r)

ModRM:r/m (r)

imm8

C

Full Mem

ModRM:reg (w)

EVEX.vvvv (r)

ModRM:r/m (r)

imm8 (r)

Description

Performs a carry-less multiplication of two quadwords, selected from the first source and second source operand according to the value of the immediate byte. Bits 4 and 0 are used to select which 64-bit half of each operand to use according to Table 4-13, other bits of the immediate byte are ignored.

The EVEX encoded form of this instruction does not support memory fault suppression.

Table 4-13. PCLMULQDQ Quadword Selection of Immediate Byte

Imm[4] Imm[0] PCLMULQDQ Operation
0 0 CL_MUL( SRC21[63:0], SRC1[63:0] )
0 1 CL_MUL( SRC2[63:0], SRC1[127:64] )
1 0 CL_MUL( SRC2[127:64], SRC1[63:0] )
1 1 CL_MUL( SRC2[127:64], SRC1[127:64] )

NOTES:

1. SRC2 denotes the second source operand, which can be a register or memory; SRC1 denotes the first source and destination oper-

and.

The first source operand and the destination operand are the same and must be a ZMM/YMM/XMM register. The second source operand can be a ZMM/YMM/XMM register or a 512/256/128-bit memory location. Bits (VL_MAX-1:128) of the corresponding YMM destination register remain unchanged.

Compilers and assemblers may implement the following pseudo-op syntax to simplify programming and emit the required encoding for imm8.

Table 4-14. Pseudo-Op and PCLMULQDQ Implementation

Pseudo-Op Imm8 Encoding
PCLMULLQLQDQ xmm1, xmm2 0000_0000B
PCLMULHQLQDQ xmm1, xmm2 0000_0001B
PCLMULLQHQDQ xmm1, xmm2 0001_0000B
PCLMULHQHQDQ xmm1, xmm2 0001_0001B

Operation

define PCLMUL128(X,Y):
                                              // helper function
    FOR i := 0 to 63:
         TMP [ i ] := X[ 0 ] and Y[ i ]
         FOR j := 1 to i:
              TMP [ i ] := TMP [ i ] xor (X[ j ] and Y[ i - j ])
         DEST[ i ] := TMP[ i ]
    FOR i := 64 to 126:
         TMP [ i ] := 0
         FOR j := i - 63 to 63:
              TMP [ i ] := TMP [ i ] xor (X[ j ] and Y[ i - j ])
         DEST[ i ] := TMP[ i ]
    DEST[127] := 0;
    RETURN DEST
                                              // 128b vector

PCLMULQDQ (SSE version)

IF Imm8[0] = 0:
    TEMP1 := SRC1.qword[0]
ELSE:
    TEMP1 := SRC1.qword[1]
IF Imm8[4] = 0:
    TEMP2 := SRC2.qword[0]
ELSE:
    TEMP2 := SRC2.qword[1]
DEST[127:0] := PCLMUL128(TEMP1, TEMP2)
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] (Unmodified)

VPCLMULQDQ (128b and 256b VEX encoded versions)

(KL,VL) = (1,128), (2,256)
FOR i= 0 to KL-1:
    IF Imm8[0] = 0:
         TEMP1 := SRC1.xmm[i].qword[0]
    ELSE:
         TEMP1 := SRC1.xmm[i].qword[1]
    IF Imm8[4] = 0:
         TEMP2 := SRC2.xmm[i].qword[0]
    ELSE:
         TEMP2 := SRC2.xmm[i].qword[1]
    DEST.xmm[i] := PCLMUL128(TEMP1, TEMP2)
DEST[MAXVL-1:VL] := 0

VPCLMULQDQ (EVEX encoded version)

(KL,VL) = (1,128), (2,256), (4,512)
FOR i = 0 to KL-1:
    IF Imm8[0] = 0:
         TEMP1 := SRC1.xmm[i].qword[0]
    ELSE:
         TEMP1 := SRC1.xmm[i].qword[1]
    IF Imm8[4] = 0:
         TEMP2 := SRC2.xmm[i].qword[0]
    ELSE:
         TEMP2 := SRC2.xmm[i].qword[1]
    DEST.xmm[i] := PCLMUL128(TEMP1, TEMP2)
DEST[MAXVL-1:VL] := 0

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

(V)PCLMULQDQ

__m128i _mm_clmulepi64_si128 (__m128i, __m128i, const int)

VPCLMULQDQ

__m256i _mm256_clmulepi64_epi128(__m256i, __m256i, const int);

VPCLMULQDQ

__m512i _mm512_clmulepi64_epi128(__m512i, __m512i, const int);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

See Table 2-21, “Type 4 Class Exception Conditions”, additionally:

#UD

EVEX-encoded: See Table 2-50, “Type E4NF Class Exception Conditions”.

If VEX.L = 1.