MOVSX/MOVSXD—Move with Sign-Extension

Opcode

Instruction

Op/

64-Bit

Compat/

Description

En Mode Leg Mode
0F BE /r MOVSX r16, r/m8 RM Valid Valid Move byte to word with sign-extension.
0F BE /r MOVSX r32, r/m8 RM Valid Valid Move byte to doubleword with sign-extension.
REX.W + 0F BE /r MOVSX r64, r/m8 RM Valid N.E. Move byte to quadword with sign-extension.
0F BF /r MOVSX r32, r/m16 RM Valid Valid Move word to doubleword, with sign-extension.
REX.W + 0F BF /r MOVSX r64, r/m16 RM Valid N.E. Move word to quadword with sign-extension.
63 /r* MOVSXD r16, r/m16 RM Valid N.E. Move word to word with sign-extension.
63 /r* MOVSXD r32, r/m32 RM Valid N.E. Move doubleword to doubleword with sign-extension.
REX.W + 63 /r MOVSXD r64, r/m32 RM Valid N.E. Move doubleword to quadword with sign-extension.

NOTES:

*

The use of MOVSXD without REX.W in 64-bit mode is discouraged. Regular MOV should be used instead of using MOVSXD without REX.W.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA

Description

Copies the contents of the source operand (register or memory location) to the destination operand (register) and sign extends the value to 16 or 32 bits (see Figure 7-6 in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Devel-oper’s Manual, Volume 1). The size of the converted value depends on the operand-size attribute.

In 64-bit mode, the instruction’s default operation size is 32 bits. Use of the REX.R prefix permits access to addi-tional registers (R8-R15). Use of the REX.W prefix promotes operation to 64 bits. See the summary chart at the beginning of this section for encoding data and limits.

Operation

DEST := SignExtend(SRC);

Flags Affected

None.

Protected Mode Exceptions

#GP(0)

If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.

If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register contains a NULL segment selector.

#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

#GP If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.
#SS If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.