CMPSD—Compare Scalar Double-Precision Floating-Point Value

Opcode/Instruction Op /En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
F2 0F C2 /r ib CMPSD xmm1, xmm2/m64, imm8 A V/V SSE2 Compare low double-precision floating-point value in xmm2/m64 and xmm1 using bits 2:0 of imm8 as comparison predicate.
VEX.LIG.F2.0F.WIG C2 /r ib VCMPSD xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m64, imm8 B V/V AVX Compare low double-precision floating-point value in xmm3/m64 and xmm2 using bits 4:0 of imm8 as comparison predicate.
EVEX.LLIG.F2.0F.W1 C2 /r ib VCMPSD k1 {k2}, xmm2, xmm3/m64{sae}, imm8 C V/V AVX512F Compare low double-precision floating-point value in xmm3/m64 and xmm2 using bits 4:0 of imm8 as comparison predicate with writemask k2 and leave the result in mask register k1.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A NA ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) Imm8 NA
B NA ModRM:reg (w) VEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) Imm8
C Tuple1 Scalar ModRM:reg (w) EVEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) Imm8

Description

Compares the low double-precision floating-point values in the second source operand and the first source operand and returns the result of the comparison to the destination operand. The comparison predicate operand (imme-diate operand) specifies the type of comparison performed.

128-bit Legacy SSE version: The first source and destination operand (first operand) is an XMM register. The second source operand (second operand) can be an XMM register or 64-bit memory location. Bits (MAXVL-1:64) of the corresponding YMM destination register remain unchanged. The comparison result is a quadword mask of all 1s (comparison true) or all 0s (comparison false).

VEX.128 encoded version: The first source operand (second operand) is an XMM register. The second source operand (third operand) can be an XMM register or a 64-bit memory location. The result is stored in the low quad-word of the destination operand; the high quadword is filled with the contents of the high quadword of the first source operand. Bits (MAXVL-1:128) of the destination ZMM register are zeroed. The comparison result is a quad-word mask of all 1s (comparison true) or all 0s (comparison false).

EVEX encoded version: The first source operand (second operand) is an XMM register. The second source operand can be a XMM register or a 64-bit memory location. The destination operand (first operand) is an opmask register. The comparison result is a single mask bit of 1 (comparison true) or 0 (comparison false), written to the destination starting from the LSB according to the writemask k2. Bits (MAX_KL-1:128) of the destination register are cleared.

The comparison predicate operand is an 8-bit immediate:

The unordered relationship is true when at least one of the two source operands being compared is a NaN; the ordered relationship is true when neither source operand is a NaN.

A subsequent computational instruction that uses the mask result in the destination operand as an input operand will not generate an exception, because a mask of all 0s corresponds to a floating-point value of +0.0 and a mask of all 1s corresponds to a QNaN.

Note that processors with “CPUID.1H:ECX.AVX =0” do not implement the “greater-than”, “greater-than-or-equal”, “not-greater than”, and “not-greater-than-or-equal relations” predicates. These comparisons can be made either by using the inverse relationship (that is, use the “not-less-than-or-equal” to make a “greater-than” comparison)

or by using software emulation. When using software emulation, the program must swap the operands (copying registers when necessary to protect the data that will now be in the destination), and then perform the compare using a different predicate. The predicate to be used for these emulations is listed in the first 8 rows of Table 3-7 (Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual Volume 2A) under the heading Emulation.

Compilers and assemblers may implement the following two-operand pseudo-ops in addition to the three-operand CMPSD instruction, for processors with “CPUID.1H:ECX.AVX =0”. See Table 3-6. Compiler should treat reserved Imm8 values as illegal syntax.

Table 3-6. Pseudo-Op and CMPSD Implementation

:

Pseudo-Op CMPSD Implementation
CMPEQSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 0
CMPLTSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 1
CMPLESD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 2
CMPUNORDSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 3
CMPNEQSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 4
CMPNLTSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 5
CMPNLESD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 6
CMPORDSD xmm1, xmm2 CMPSD xmm1, xmm2, 7

The greater-than relations that the processor does not implement require more than one instruction to emulate in software and therefore should not be implemented as pseudo-ops. (For these, the programmer should reverse the operands of the corresponding less than relations and use move instructions to ensure that the mask is moved to the correct destination register and that the source operand is left intact.)

Processors with “CPUID.1H:ECX.AVX =1” implement the full complement of 32 predicates shown in Table 3-7, soft-ware emulation is no longer needed. Compilers and assemblers may implement the following three-operand pseudo-ops in addition to the four-operand VCMPSD instruction. See Table 3-7, where the notations of reg1 reg2, and reg3 represent either XMM registers or YMM registers. Compiler should treat reserved Imm8 values as illegal syntax. Alternately, intrinsics can map the pseudo-ops to pre-defined constants to support a simpler intrinsic inter-face. Compilers and assemblers may implement three-operand pseudo-ops for EVEX encoded VCMPSD instructions in a similar fashion by extending the syntax listed in Table 3-7.

Table 3-7. Pseudo-Op and VCMPSD Implementation

:

Pseudo-Op CMPSD Implementation
VCMPEQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0
VCMPLTSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1
VCMPLESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 2
VCMPUNORDSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 3
VCMPNEQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 4
VCMPNLTSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 5
VCMPNLESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 6
VCMPORDSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 7
VCMPEQ_UQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 8
VCMPNGESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 9
VCMPNGTSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0AH
VCMPFALSESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0BH
VCMPNEQ_OQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0CH
VCMPGESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0DH

Table 3-7. Pseudo-Op and VCMPSD Implementation

Pseudo-Op CMPSD Implementation
VCMPGTSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0EH
VCMPTRUESD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 0FH
VCMPEQ_OSSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 10H
VCMPLT_OQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 11H
VCMPLE_OQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 12H
VCMPUNORD_SSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 13H
VCMPNEQ_USSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 14H
VCMPNLT_UQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 15H
VCMPNLE_UQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 16H
VCMPORD_SSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 17H
VCMPEQ_USSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 18H
VCMPNGE_UQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 19H
VCMPNGT_UQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1AH
VCMPFALSE_OSSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1BH
VCMPNEQ_OSSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1CH
VCMPGE_OQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1DH
VCMPGT_OQSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1EH
VCMPTRUE_USSD reg1, reg2, reg3 VCMPSD reg1, reg2, reg3, 1FH

Software should ensure VCMPSD is encoded with VEX.L=0. Encoding VCMPSD with VEX.L=1 may encounter unpre-dictable behavior across different processor generations.

Operation

CASE (COMPARISON PREDICATE) OF
    0: OP3 := EQ_OQ; OP5 := EQ_OQ;
    1: OP3 := LT_OS; OP5 := LT_OS;
    2: OP3 := LE_OS; OP5 := LE_OS;
    3: OP3 := UNORD_Q; OP5 := UNORD_Q;
    4: OP3 := NEQ_UQ; OP5 := NEQ_UQ;
    5: OP3 := NLT_US; OP5 := NLT_US;
    6: OP3 := NLE_US; OP5 := NLE_US;
    7: OP3 := ORD_Q; OP5 := ORD_Q;
    8: OP5 := EQ_UQ;
    9: OP5 := NGE_US;
    10: OP5 := NGT_US;
    11: OP5 := FALSE_OQ;
    12: OP5 := NEQ_OQ;
    13: OP5 := GE_OS;
    14: OP5 := GT_OS;
    15: OP5 := TRUE_UQ;
    16: OP5 := EQ_OS;
    17: OP5 := LT_OQ;
    18: OP5 := LE_OQ;
    19: OP5 := UNORD_S;
    20: OP5 := NEQ_US;
    21: OP5 := NLT_UQ;
    22: OP5 := NLE_UQ;
    23: OP5 := ORD_S;
    24: OP5 := EQ_US;
    25: OP5 := NGE_UQ;
    26: OP5 := NGT_UQ;
    27: OP5 := FALSE_OS;
    28: OP5 := NEQ_OS;
    29: OP5 := GE_OQ;
    30: OP5 := GT_OQ;
    31: OP5 := TRUE_US;
    DEFAULT: Reserved
ESAC;

VCMPSD (EVEX encoded version)

CMP0 := SRC1[63:0] OP5 SRC2[63:0];
IF k2[0] or *no writemask*
    THEN
              IF CMP0 = TRUE
                    THEN DEST[0] := 1;
                    ELSE DEST[0] := 0; FI;
    ELSE
              DEST[0] := 0
                                              ; zeroing-masking only
FI;
DEST[MAX_KL-1:1] := 0

CMPSD (128-bit Legacy SSE version)

CMP0 := DEST[63:0] OP3 SRC[63:0];
IF CMP0 = TRUE
THEN DEST[63:0] := FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFH;
ELSE DEST[63:0] := 0000000000000000H; FI;
DEST[MAXVL-1:64] (Unmodified)

VCMPSD (VEX.128 encoded version)

CMP0 := SRC1[63:0] OP5 SRC2[63:0];
IF CMP0 = TRUE
THEN DEST[63:0] := FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFH;
ELSE DEST[63:0] := 0000000000000000H; FI;
DEST[127:64] := SRC1[127:64]
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] := 0

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

VCMPSD __mmask8 _mm_cmp_sd_mask( __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm);

VCMPSD __mmask8 _mm_cmp_round_sd_mask( __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm, int sae);

VCMPSD __mmask8 _mm_mask_cmp_sd_mask( __mmask8 k1, __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm);

VCMPSD __mmask8 _mm_mask_cmp_round_sd_mask( __mmask8 k1, __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm, int sae);

(V)CMPSD __m128d _mm_cmp_sd(__m128d a, __m128d b, const int imm)

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid if SNaN operand, Invalid if QNaN and predicate as listed in Table 3-1 Denormal.

Other Exceptions

VEX-encoded instructions, see Table 2-20, “Type 3 Class Exception Conditions”.
EVEX-encoded instructions, see Table 2-47, “Type E3 Class Exception Conditions”.