BNDCU/BNDCN—Check Upper Bound

Opcode/

Op/En

64/32

CPUID

Description

Instruction bit Mode Support Feature Flag
F2 0F 1A /r BNDCU bnd, r/m32 RM NE/V MPX Generate a #BR if the address in r/m32 is higher than the upper bound in bnd.UB (bnb.UB in 1's complement form).
F2 0F 1A /r BNDCU bnd, r/m64 RM V/NE MPX Generate a #BR if the address in r/m64 is higher than the upper bound in bnd.UB (bnb.UB in 1's complement form).
F2 0F 1B /r BNDCN bnd, r/m32 RM NE/V MPX Generate a #BR if the address in r/m32 is higher than the upper bound in bnd.UB (bnb.UB not in 1's complement form).
F2 0F 1B /r BNDCN bnd, r/m64 RM V/NE MPX Generate a #BR if the address in r/m64 is higher than the upper bound in bnd.UB (bnb.UB not in 1's complement form).

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
RM ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA

Description

Compare the address in the second operand with the upper bound in bnd. The second operand can be either a register or a memory operand. If the address is higher than the upper bound in bnd.UB, it will set BNDSTATUS to 01H and signal a #BR exception.

BNDCU perform 1’s complement operation on the upper bound of bnd first before proceeding with address compar-ison. BNDCN perform address comparison directly using the upper bound in bnd that is already reverted out of 1’s complement form.

This instruction does not cause any memory access, and does not read or write any flags.

Effective address computation of m32/64 has identical behavior to LEA

Operation

BNDCU BND, reg

IF reg > NOT(BND.UB) Then
    BNDSTATUS := 01H;
    #BR;
FI;

BNDCU BND, mem

TEMP := LEA(mem);
IF TEMP > NOT(BND.UB) Then
    BNDSTATUS := 01H;
    #BR;
FI;

BNDCN BND, reg

IF reg > BND.UB Then
    BNDSTATUS := 01H;
    #BR;
FI;

BNDCN BND, mem

TEMP := LEA(mem);
IF TEMP > BND.UB Then
    BNDSTATUS := 01H;
    #BR;
FI;

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

BNDCU .void _bnd_chk_ptr_ubounds(const void *q)

Flags Affected

None

Protected Mode Exceptions

#BR If upper bound check fails.
#UD

If the LOCK prefix is used.

If ModRM.r/m encodes BND4-BND7 when Intel MPX is enabled.

If 67H prefix is not used and CS.D=0.

If 67H prefix is used and CS.D=1.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

#BR If upper bound check fails.
#UD

If the LOCK prefix is used.

If ModRM.r/m encodes BND4-BND7 when Intel MPX is enabled.

If 16-bit addressing is used.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

#BR If upper bound check fails.
#UD

If the LOCK prefix is used.

If ModRM.r/m encodes BND4-BND7 when Intel MPX is enabled.

If 16-bit addressing is used.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#UD If ModRM.r/m and REX encodes BND4-BND15 when Intel MPX is enabled.

Same exceptions as in protected mode.